EU Coordinated Risk Assessment on Cybersecurity in Fifth Generation (5G) Networks

The European Commission with the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) have published a high-level report on EU Coordinated Risk Assessment on Cybersecurity in Fifth Generation (5G) Networks.

The risks connected with 5G networks and technologies are assessed in 5 basic areas:

  1. Threats and threat actors – the report includes threat scenarios that may arise in connection with the operation and using 5G technologies and at the same time it defines potential actors who may perform these attacks.
  2. Assets – the report lists all assets related to 5G technologies that have a major impact on their operation and use.
  3. Vulnerabilities – the report defines the most significant vulnerabilities that apply to the operation and using of 5G technologies.
  4. Risk scenarios – the report identifies several risk scenarios that may happen if sufficient measures are not implemented.
  5. Existing mitigating measures and security baseline – the report describes measures and standards that may be applied within 5G technologies security.

Implementation of network 5G technologies is considered by the European Commission to be a major factor enabling the operation of future digital services. The report constitutes the further step of the European Commission’s effort to act uniformly within the risk assessment of 5G technologies in the European Union and results from the objectives of the Commission Recommendation (EU) 2019/534 of 26 March 2019 on Cybersecurity of 5G networks.

The document was prepared on the basis of national documents of respective Member States which created own risk assessments based on the European Commission Recommendation. The Slovak Republic also participated in creation of the report through the national risk assessment executed by the National Security Authority (the National Unit SK-CERT) in cooperation with public administration bodies, telecommunication regulators and telecommunication operators. The EU Coordinated Risk Assessment on Cybersecurity in Fifth Generation (5G) Networks Report is available on the website:

“The EU Coordinated Risk Assessment on Cybersecurity in Fifth Generation (5G) Networks is the document that reflects comprehensively the issue of cyber security within 5G networks. It is the result of efforts of respective states, including the Slovak Republic, to approach the topic of cyber security of 5G networks in a uniform and coordinated way. It also provides recommendations that need to be applied to the electronic auction of 5G frequencies”, said the director of the National Cyber Security Centre SK-CERT Mr Rastislav Janota.   

The National Security Authority (hereinafter referred to as the Authority) ( is the central government body for protection of classified information, cryptographic services, cyber security and trust services. The Authority is a national point of contact for cyber security in the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and in the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OBSE).

The National Cyber Security Centre SK-CERT (hereinafter referred to as SK-CERT) (, which was established in the Authority on 1 September 2019 by transformation of the National Unit SK-CERT, is an accredited member of the Trusted Introducer organization and at the same time a member of FIRST (Forum of Incident Response Security Teams) organization with a global membership of 490 teams from 92 states. SK-CERT is responsible for the topic of 5G technologies security.

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